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Although Texans fought for the South, the state itself was far removed from the major battlefields. The Indian Texans (Texians and Texans)by Thomas H. Guderjan. The river called the Rio Grande separates Texas from the country of Mexico on the southwest. Texas Revolution for kids Andrew Jackson was the 7th American President who served in office from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. Possessing only crude spears and flint-pointed darts, these hunters survived primarily on wild game. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. PowerKids Press, 2003. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. It is the second-largest state in the United States after Alaska. It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. This section is intended for those of you who are more advanced in your reading and problem solving skills. One issue was that Mexico threatened to go to war with the United States if the United States claimed Texas. The Bushes were only the second father and son to both serve as president (the first were John Adams and John Quincy Adams). After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. Texas House of Representatives welcome you to the Kids' House. In 1685 the French explorer Sieur de La Salle explored part of the area and tried to establish a settlement. **Updated to include Google Slides based digital version. TBH Home When Texas joined the Union, it kept the right to fly its state flag at the same height as the national flag. University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures, 1989. 1836 - The Battle of the Alamo occurs. As early as 1836, they voted for annexation, or attachment. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. The name Texas comes from a Caddo Indian word meaning “friends” or “allies.” The Spanish explorers pronounced the word tejas and gave this name to the area. It symbolized Texas' struggle for independence. Sam Houston was elected its first president. Texans, however, soon became unhappy with the Mexican government. “Texas” is the Spanish spelling of a Native American word meaning “friends” or “allies.”. The Caddo of Texasby Lucile Davis. In the 1700's, Catholic prists lived atthe mission. Texas - Texas - History: The ancestors of the West Texas Native Americans lived in camps perhaps as long as 37,000 years ago. Published until 1832, Texas' first newspaper kept settlers informed of news by providing English translations of Mexican government laws and decrees. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. By 1793, the mission was a fort known as the Alamo. See the fact file below for more information about Texas. In 1839 it was selected by scouts as the site for the permanent capital of the Republic of Texas and renamed to honour Stephen F. Austin, father of the republic. 1821 - Mexico gains independence from Spain. Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845. The Spanish began to explore the Texas region in the early 1500s. A great battle took place there in 1836. At 268,596 square miles, Texas is the second largest state behind only Alaska. Texas has more counties (254) than any other state in the U.S. Hispanic Americans, mostly of Mexican origin, make up almost a third of the population. More than 13,000 years ago, ancient Clovis people built a stone floor in a muddy rock shelter to make it a more comfortable living space. Texas Beyond History. His son George W. Bush was elected president in 2000 and reelected in 2004. Mexico did not declare war right away, but the two countries continued to dispute the border. Encapsulating the 500-year saga of the one-of-a-kind state of Texas, this interactive book takes readers from the founding of the Spanish Missions and the victory at San Jacinto to the Great Storm that destroyed Galveston and the establishment of NASA’s Mission Control in Houston while covering everything in between. Located near Beaumont, Spindletop became the state’s first great oil well in 1901. The U.S. Congress approved the agreement in 1845. He arrived with around 300 families and settled the land with the approval of the Mexican government. The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of the first Spanish conquistadors in the region of North America now known as Texas in 1519, who found the region occupied by numerous Native American tribes. In the central and west-central parts of the state are raised plateaus and hill country. Everything really is bigger in Texas. Texas History is a HUGE subject. Texas is a part of Mexico. Texas is located in the south-central part of the United States. Get Texas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. Jane Long: Choosing Texasby Mary Dodson Wade. Texas is the second most populous and the second largest of the 50 U.S. states in the United States of America, and the largest state in the 48 contiguous United States. In 1825, American Stephen F. Austin established a colony in Texas. Many people in the new republic wanted Texas to become part of the United States. Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. That's how big Texas is! Republic of Mexico. Dr Pepper was invented in Waco, Tx. San Antonio was founded in 1718 and became the main settlement of Spanish Texas. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Austin is the capital. Texas History for Kids includes 21 informative and fun activities to help readers better understand the state’s culture, politics, and geography. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. 1846 to 1848 - The Mexican-American War is fought over the borders between Texas and Mexico. This dispute led to the Mexican War in 1846. Mary Kay Ash (1915 -2001) Cosmetics entrepreneur and founder of Mary Kay cosmetics; born in Hot Wells. Texas was the 28 th state in the USA; it was admitted on December 29, 1845.. State Abbreviation - TX State Capital - Austin Largest City - Houston Area - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger] Population - 26,448,193 (as of 2013) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is the third most populous] Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. Texas has been a member of six different nations including Spain, Mexico, France, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States, and the USA. The page targets grades four and up but, of course, people of all ages can have fun learning about the great state of Texas! A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. The great cattle drives continued until about 1890. El Paso, Texas is closer to the border of California than it is to Dallas, Texas. One of the important events during his presidency was the Texas Revolution. The Texas panhandle is a block of land that extends northward above the rest of the state. The History of the Texas Flag Before it was part of the USA, Texas was ruled first by Spain, then by France, and then by Mexico. Whites of European heritage represent more than half of the state’s residents. The state’s top manufacturing industries are in the field of high technology. Texas joined the Confederacy during the American Civil War (1861–65). 1845 - The U.S. Congress admits Texas as the 28th state. Oil production and the manufacture of chemical and petroleum (oil) products also contribute to the Texas economy. The state’s oil industry owes much to a place named Spindletop. Description: This is an awesome resource that allows kids to label and color maps online. In 1835 they revolted, and the next year they declared independence. Major business sections within the economy include commercial trade, real estate, and finance. The name Texas derives from táyshaʼ, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai, which means "friends" or "allies." In agriculture, Texas ranks first in the country in the production of cattle. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the southeast. 1519 - Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the coastline of Texas. Texas History Warm Up for 4th grade Texas History! Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Click on the to get more information on a section. In San Antonio, Texas sits the ruins of an old Spanish mission. Later the Comanche moved into the area. 1900 - Galveston is hit by a hurricane killing thousands of people. The independent Republic of Texas is declared. Bright Sky Press, 2009. 1. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. From 1836 to 1845, Texas was its own nation! Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Texas History for Kids: Lone Star Lives and Legends, with 21 Activities (For Kids series) at Tackling Texas History is almost as big a task as tackling American History! Three of its urban centers—Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio—are ranked among the country’s 10 most populated cities. Texas Detailed Online Label-me Map. After the war Texas cowboys began driving cattle northward to markets or ranges. David Crockett Creating a Legendby Mary Dodson Wade. 1685 - The French establish Fort St. Louis and lay claim to Texas. This is a wonderful website where students and teachers can learn about Texas Government in a fun and interactive way. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. Numerous other wells followed. 1829-1841: Jacksonian Era When Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, Texas became part of Mexico. Motto: “Friendship”Slogan: \"The Friendly State\"State symbols:Bird: Northern mockingbird (1927)Dog: Blue Lacy (2005)Fish: Guadalupe bass (1989)Flying mammal: Mexican free-tailed bat (1995)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1995)Large mammal: Texas LonghornReptile: Texas horne… The nickname Lone Star State comes from the single star in the Texas flag, which was officially adopted by the Republic of Texas in 1839. However, many people in the United States did not agree with the plan. Bright Sky Press, 2009. The Texas economy is among the largest in the country. During Spanish colonial rule, the area was officially known as the Nuevo Reino de Filipinas: La Provincia de Texas. This red, white, and blue flag with a single star was the origin of the Texas nickname, the Lone Star State. On September 25, 1829, the first issue of the Texas Gazette was published in San Felipe de Austin. In 2011, it also produced more cattle, sheep, hay, cotton and wool than any other state. This spiral review activity is perfect to sneak a little bit of Texas History into your 4th grade classroom every day of the school year! They lost at the Alamo, but they eventually defeated the Mexicans at a battle along the San Jacinto River. ; Steven Fuller Austin (1793 - 1836) Founding father of Texas and namesake of the state's capital. In 1844, however, President John Tyler helped develop an agreement that allowed Texas to join the United States. Image courtesy of the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin The landscape of Texas consists mainly of plains and hills. 28,995,881, By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. ... State History Rater. Conflict developed between Mexico and the American settlers in Texas. It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. The largest natural region is the coastal plain that covers southern and eastern Texas. A huge oil field in eastern Texas was discovered in 1930. 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, TX 78744 (512) 389-4800 | (800) 792-1112 | TTY: (512) 389-8915 Operation Game Thief: (800) 792-GAME Famous People from Texas. East of Texas are Louisiana and Arkansas. Under both Spanish and Mexican … Britannica does not review the converted text. Its national flag then became its state flag. Texas was a part of Mexico when Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821. 1861 - Texas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy. Texas is the home of Dell, the computer company. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Native Americans lived in the Texas region before Europeans arrived. Jane Wilki… Houston: Standing Firmby Mary Dodson Wade. Texas History at Home As families are creating new routines and learning how to educate students from home, we are providing free instructive resources about Texas history… One ranch in Texas, the King Ranch, is bigger than the entire state of Rhode Island. About 12 percent of the people are African American. New Mexico is to the west, and Oklahoma is to the north. The eastern edge of the panhandle and the north-central part of the state are lowland regions of prairie and rolling plains. The state of Texas borders with Louisiana (east), Oklahoma (north), New Mexico (west), and the Gulf of Mexico (southeast). The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts. Cynthia Ann Parker: Comanche Captiveby Tracie Egan. To make it a little bit easier, Texas history can be divided into three basic time periods: exploration and development; revolution and development of the Republic; becoming a … Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. The vice president, Texas politician Lyndon B. Johnson, became the country’s next president. 1528 - Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked off the coast of Texas. In the most famous battle of the Texas-Mexico war, the Texans fought heroically to defend the Alamo. **This activity is a perfect way to build research ski. Other valuable farm products include cotton and chickens. Mexico still considered some of the land in Texas to be its own. During the late 20th century Texas was one of the fastest-growing states in the country. (Who wants to camp in the mud?) Rosen Publishing Group, 2003. Books shelved as texas-history: Lone Star: A History Of Texas And The Texans by T.R. Another company in the state, Texas Instruments, is a major producer of electronic goods and military equipment. State abbreviation/Postal code: Tex./TXNickname: The Lone Star StateOrigin of name: From the Caddoan word for \"ally,\" used to refer to Spanish-allied Hasinai Confederacy and the area they lived in. Bright Sky Press, 2009. The Spanish also began to build settlements and missions in the territory. Texas is now second in population only to California. The most rugged, mountainous land in Texas lies in the far west. On November 22, 1963, United States President John F. Kennedy was shot to death in Dallas. These industries include the production of computers and electronic products. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. Its national flag then became its state flag. They probably covered the new floor with layers of leaves and animal skins to make it softer. Another politician from Texas, George Bush, served as the country’s president from 1989 to 1993. The state’s fourth largest city, Austin originated as the riverside village of Waterloo, in a buffalo-hunting region occupied by Tonkawa and Comanche peoples. Texas became the 28th state admitted to the Union on December 29, 1845. The name Texas, based on the Caddo word tejas meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. It is a flat, dry area with frequent sandstorms. Tourism is also valuable to the state. This vital industry led to the popular image of the cowboy in song, story, and film. States, regions, nations, and more are available. Early tribes included the Caddo, the Jumano, and others. 1901 - Oil is discovered and the oil boom begins. It consists of flat, low prairies that stretch far inland from the Gulf of Mexico. Texas became an independent republic in 1836. Texas is the leading crude oil- and natural gas-producing state in the U.S. Did you know that the oldest construction in North America is right here in Texas? 1825 - Stephen F. Austin founds a colony of settlers. (2010) 25,145,561; (2019 est.) 1718 - San Antonio is established as a Spanish mission. About 40 million people visit the state each year. During this period, Mexico allowed pioneers from the United States to enter the territory and set up their own colonies. In 1845 Texas was admitted to the Union as the 28th state.

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